Skills development and learning design adapted for the digital society is to a large extent different from the 20th Century classroom and textbooks environment. Two reports from OECD and Nielsen Norman Group forms in this spirit solid stepping stones for the learning designer of the 21st Century. In the OECD report “The future of education and skills Education 2030 – The future we want” three major challenges is identified that includes environmental with focus on climate change and the depletion of natural resources, economic with focus on technology development and financial interdependence, and thirdly social transformation and equality. From these driving forces the authors’ analyses which competencies that are required to become a part of this development. The keywords are flexibility and change.
Five common challenges
The redesign of learning includes according to the report five common challenges:
- The increasing complexity of the digital society requires more learning according to traditional thinking about education. However, the solution according to the report is that: “It is time to shift the focus of our students from “more hours for learning” to “quality learning time”.” Quality before quantity is one of the main keys to learning and skills development in the digital society.
- Reforms of educational policy today suffers from time lags between recognition, decision making, implementation and impact.
- Quality again, the learning content must be of the highest quality to generate the deepest possible understanding.
- All pupils and students must benefit to be able to reach the best possible outcome. Personalised learning is the solution. AI, interactive features and other forms of educational technologies is now boosting this development.
- Edpolicy again, planning and alignment are critically important for effective implementation of reforms.
Design learning experiences for kids
Let’s dig deeper and take a look at what this means for designing learning experiences. In the report from Nielsen Norman Group mentioned above the research focus on kids from the age of 3-12 years old in US and China. The general conclusion is that: “When designing apps for kids, designers must consider the physical abilities and constraints of target age groups.” This means gross motor skills, fine motor skills and motor coordination.
From the result of the research the authors give the following recommendations:
- For kids under 9 touchscreen designs should emphasize swiping, tapping, dragging, the interface should include big colourful clarifying buttons.
- “Desktop-based designs for kids under 9 should use simple keyboard interactions or clicks. Dragging, scrolling, and clicking small objects with a mouse or a trackpad are hard for this age group.”
- Complex motor coordination is according to the report not recommended for 5-year-olds that have very limited coordination ability. While a 7-year-old has limited coordination ability. Since at that age the kid could coordinate his or her two hands to move smoothly on a tablet. An 11-year-old has partially developed coordination ability and can handle the physical buttons on a desktop.
User experience design has many dimensions and should be analysed from different perspectives before starting the actual design work. The purpose of the learning design project should then also interact with the requirements and complexity of the developing digital society as described above.
Learning designer and Author of the book “Learning Design in Practice for Everybody”